Sega Corporation (株式会社セガ Kabushiki-gaisha Sega), also known as Sega (セガ Sega), is a software developer and publisher, arcade hardware developer, and former console hardware developer owned by SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS INC. (セガサミーホールディングス株式会社 Sega Samī Hōrudingusu Kabushiki-gaisha) as of October 1, 2004.
Sega currently owns the Puyo Puyo series, and their games are developed by Sonic Team. Sega does not own the Madou Monogatari series, however; the rights appear to belong to D4 Enterprise. Sega is still credited in every re-release of the early Madou Monogatari games, as the games contain Puyo Puyo characters.
Foundation and ownership
The modern incarnation of Sega began as Sega Enterprises, Ltd. (株式会社セガ・エンタープライゼス Kabushiki-gaisha Sega Entāpuraizesu) in 1965, when Nihon Goraku Bussan Inc. (日本娯楽物産株式会社 Nihon Goraku Bussan Kabushiki-gaisha, lit. "Japanese Amusement Products Company, Inc.") acquired Rosen Enterprises (ローゼン・エンタープライゼス Rōzen Entāpuraizesu). Sega would import products such as Rock-Ola jukeboxes and pinball games by Williams, as well as pinball and gun games by Midway Games. Because Sega imported second-hand machines that frequently required maintenance, Sega began the transition from importer to manufacturer by constructing replacement guns and flippers for its imported games. According to former Sega director Akira Nagai, this led to Sega developing their own games as well.
Sega had previously been owned by Gulf and Western Industries (1969-1984) and Computer Service, Inc. (コンピューターサービス株式会社 Konpyūtā Sābisu Kabushiki-gaisha) (1984-2004, later known as CSK).
Working with Compile
It was around the time of the SG-1000's development that Compile began to work with Sega. Compile developed three arcade ports serving as launch titles for the SG-1000 - Borderline, N-Sub, and Safari Hunting (originally Tranquilizer Gun). Compile would continue to develop titles for Sega's future systems.
Following the launch of Puyo Puyo for the MSX and Famicom Disk System, Compile approached Sega with the idea of turning Puyo Puyo into a competitive arcade game. Compile developed the game using Sega's System C2 hardware, and Sega published the arcade version as well as it's Mega Drive and Game Gear ports. The Puyo Puyo ports were reworked by Sega Technical Institute into Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine. Future Puyo Puyo titles would be published by Compile.
Around 1998, Compile had gone into debt. Sega ended up buying the rights to Puyo Puyo as a result of this, but they gave Compile the rights to use Puyo Puyo until August 2002. Compile continued to develop and publish Puyo Puyo games.
In 1999, Sega published Puyo Puyo ~n and Compile self-published the Dreamcast version of Puyo Puyo DA!. ~n was the last Compile-developed game published by Sega, while DA! was Compile's last game on a Sega system. Bandai and SNK had published Sega-licensed WonderSwan and Neo Geo Pocket Color ports of Puyo Puyo Tsu. SNK published their port internationally under the name Puyo Pop, and Sega registered the Trademark.
In 2001, Sega began to develop future Puyo Puyo titles itself.
Lists of games
This section consists of games that were developed by Compile and published by Sega.
|Borderline||SG-1000||July 15, 1983||The game was originally developed by Sega for arcades in 1981.|
|N-Sub||SG-1000||July 15, 1983||The game was originally developed by Sega for arcades in 1980.|
|Safari Hunting||SG-1000||July 15, 1983||The game is a port of Tranquilizer Gun, an arcade game by Sega released in June 1980.|
|Hustle! Chumy||SG-1000||1984||Originally published for the MSX by General.|
|Championship Lode Runner||SG-1000||1985||This game was originally published by Brøderbund for the Apple II in 1983.|
|C-So!||SG-1000||1985||Originally published for the MSX by Pony Canyon.|
|Gulkave||SG-1000||1986||Originally published for the MSX by Pony Canyon.|
|Ghostbusters||Master System||May 1987||This game is based on the GhostBusters movies.|
|Family Games||Sega Mark III||December 27, 1987||Released in North America and Europe for the Master System in 1988 as Parlour Games.|
|Aleste||Sega Mark III||February 29, 1988||Released in North America and Europe for the Master System as Power Strike.|
|Mao Golvellius||Sega Mark III||August 14, 1988||Originally published for the MSX by Compile. Released in North America and Europe for the Master System as Golvellius: Valley of Doom.|
|R-Type||Sega Mark III||October 1, 1988||This game was originally created by Irem for Arcades in July 1987.|
|Casino Games||Master System||September 1989|
|Ghostbusters||Mega Drive||June 30, 1990||This game is based on the GhostBusters movies. It was released in Japan on June 30 and in other countries later on.|
|Puyo Puyo||Arcade||October 1992|
|Mega Drive||December 18, 1992||This version was remade and re-released in some other countries as Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine by Sega on November 26, 1993.|
|Game Gear||March 19, 1993||This version was remade and re-released in some other countries as Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine by Sega in December 1993.|
|Nazo Puyo||Game Gear||July 23, 1993|
|The Laughing Salesman||Mega CD||September 17, 1993||This game is based on Fujiko Fujio A's The Laughing Salesman.|
|Power Strike II||Master System||September 1993|
|GG Aleste II||Game Gear||October 1, 1993||Released in Europe as Power Strike II.|
|Madou Monogatari I: The Three Magic Spheres||Game Gear||December 3, 1993||This game is a remake of the first part of Madou Monogatari 1-2-3.|
|Nazo Puyo 2||Game Gear||December 10, 1993|
|Madou Monogatari II: 16-year-old Arle||Game Gear||May 20, 1994||This game is a remake of the second part of Madou Monogatari 1-2-3.|
|Nazo Puyo: Arle no Roux||Game Gear||July 29, 1994|
|Madou Monogatari III: The Ultimate Queen||Game Gear||December 30, 1994||This game is a remake of the third part of Madou Monogatari 1-2-3.|
|Puyo Puyo~n||Dreamcast||March 4, 1999|
This section consists of third-party games for Sega systems. All titles are developed and published by Compile unless otherwise stated.
|Musha Aleste||Mega Drive||December 21, 1990||This game was first published in Japan by Toaplan, and later published in North America by Seismic in 1991 under the name M.U.S.H.A.|
|GG Aleste||Game Gear||December 29, 1991|
|Dennin Aleste||Mega CD||November 27, 1992||The game was published and released in North America by Tengen in 1993 as Robo Aleste.|
|Puyo Puyo Tsu||Arcade||September 1994|
|Mega Drive||December 2, 1994|
|Game Gear||December 16, 1994|
|Sega Saturn||October 27, 1995||This version was co-developed by Bits Laboratory.|
|Madou Monogatari A: Dokidoki Vacation||Game Gear||November 24, 1995||This game is a remake of the first part of Madou Monogatari A-R-S.|
|Shadowrun||Mega CD||February 23, 1996|
|Madou Monogatari I||Mega Drive||March 22, 1996||This game is a remake of the first part of Madou Monogatari 1-2-3.|
|Puyo Puyo Sun||Arcade||December 1996|
|Sega Saturn||February 14, 1997|
|DiscStation Bessatsu i miss you.||Sega Saturn||October 30, 1997|
|Waku Waku Puyo Puyo Dungeon||Sega Saturn||April 2, 1998|
|Madou Monogatari||Sega Saturn||July 23, 1998||This is the first console game to acknowledge Sega's ownership of the Puyo Puyo characters.|
|Puyo Puyo DA!||Dreamcast||December 16, 1999|
|Arcade||December 26, 1999|
Non-Sega System Titles
This section consists of titles that acknowledge Sega's ownership of Puyo Puyo despite not being on a Sega system. All titles are developed and published by Compile unless otherwise stated.
|Puyo Puyo Sun||Game Boy Color||November 27, 1998|
|Puyo Puyo Tsu||WonderSwan||March 11, 1999||This port was published by Bandai.|
|Neo Geo Pocket Color||July 22, 1999||This port was published by SNK. It was also released in North America and Europe as Puyo Pop.|
|Waku Waku Puyo Puyo Dungeon Ketteiban||PlayStation||March 8, 1999||An upgraded version of Waku Waku Puyo Puyo Dungeon.|
|Puyo Puyo~n||Nintendo 64||December 3, 1999|
|PlayStation||December 16, 1999|
|Game Boy Color||September 22, 2000|
- New Titles
|Puyo Puyo Gaiden: Puyo Wars||Game Boy Color||August 27, 1999|
|Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jewel||Game Boy Color||March 31, 2000|
|Puyo Puyo Box||PlayStation||December 21, 2000|
- Disc Station volumes
All of the Disc Station volumes were released by Compile for Windows PCs. Vol. 19 is the first volume to mention Sega owning Puyo Puyo.
|Disc Station Vol. 19||July 6, 1998||Madou RUN|
|Disc Station Vol. 20||September 6, 1998||Comet Summoner||Nazo Puyo||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.00|
|Disc Station Vol. 21||December 6, 1998||Nazo Puyo||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.01|
|Disc Station Vol. 22||March 6, 1999||Comet Summoner: Time Trial Version||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.02|
|Disc Station Vol. 23||June 6, 1999||Puyo Card||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.03|
|Disc Station Vol. 24||September 6, 1999||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.04|
|Disc Station Vol. 25||December 6, 1999||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.05|
|Disc Station Vol. 26||March 6, 2000||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.06|
|Disc Station Vol. 27||June 6, 2000||Restaurant King||Nazo Puyo Editor v.1.07|
- When playing Puyo Puyo!! 20th Anniversary, Puyo Puyo Tetris, and Puyo Puyo Chronicle, the playable characters will shout the company’s name upon startup. In Puyo Puyo Champions and Puyo Puyo Tetris 2, it is replaced by the same jingle used for Sega's commercials since 2018; however, the character voice clips still exist in the latter game and can be played in the Audio section of the Theatre menu, along with those for The Tetris Company and the game's title as voice clips 46-48 (prior to the said game, they were not included in the Audio menu).
- ↑ List of SG-1000 games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of Mark III games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of Master System games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of first party Mega Drive games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of first party Game Gear games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of first party Dreamcast games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of third party Mega Drive games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of third party Game Gear games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of third party Sega Saturn games - sega.jp (Japanese)
- ↑ List of third party Dreamcast games - sega.jp (Japanese)